How do electric cars work?

Hyundai Electric Cars

Research has shown that electric cars are cheaper to own and run than petrol-fuelled cars. These lower costs are a key factor driving surging electric car sales.

It is also proven that maintenance costs are lower for electric cars as the engines are a lot simpler and assist the car to brake which saves drivers from an over-reliance on their brake pads. 

There are four main types of electric cars:

1. Hybrids

Hybrids combine a petrol-fuelled internal combustion engine and a battery-powered electric motor to power a can that can perform while being both affordable and sustainable.

The Hyundai IONIQ Hybrid is designed to be compact and highly efficient. Its lithium-ion polymer battery is located underneath the rear seats to maximise the usability of the cabin and cargo areas. This allows it to offer class-leading fuel efficiency and low CO2 emissions.

Hyundai Ioniq Hybrid

2. Plug-in hybrids

Plug-in hybrids also combine a petrol-fuelled internal combustion engine with a battery-powered electric motor. However, these vehicles are charged when plugged into a special power station. Although they have a limited range when operated in the electric mode, the can be switched to traditional fuel power when the electric motor is unable to provide power.

Hyundai Ioniq Plug In Hybrid

The Hyundai IONIQ Plug-in Hybrid combines a 1.6-litre GDI direct-injection petrol, four-cylinder engine with a 45 kW (61 PS) electric motor that is powered by an 8.9 kWh lithium-ion polymer battery. This enables an electric driving range of up to 63 km while reducing CO2 emissions and fuel consumption.

3. Electric vehicles

Electric vehicles are operated entirely with an electric battery and do not have an internal combustion engine. This means they don’t have an alternative fuel source to switch to if they run out of power, which ensures no carbon dioxide is released.

In order to recharge the battery, electric cars must be plugged into an external power source. However, they can also draw power from the braking system, as regenerative braking converts a vehicle’s kinetic energy into a form that can be stored until needed.

Hyundai Ioniq Electric Car

The Hyundai IONIQ Electric can travel a class-best of 280 km on a single charge, providing greater flexibility and peace of mind for customers seeking a zero-emission car with practical driving range. It was recently found to be the cheapest car to own out of all models currently available across European markets.

The All-New Kona Electric recently became Hyundai’s second EV and combines an SUV body type with eco-mobility. It features the option of two different powertrains, including a long-range battery version which provides a driving range of 482 kilometres.

4. Fuel cell electric vehicles

The fourth kind of electric car is fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs). FCEVs are powered by an electric motor which is charged-up by combining hydrogen and oxygen to create a chemical reaction.

There are three main components in a fuel cell. The Proton Exchange membrane lets protons pass through but not electrons. The anode and cathode are defined by the flow of current, which allows electrons to flow in and out.

The All-New NEXO offers the most advanced technology on the market and boasts autonomous driving capabilities. With an estimated 800 km (under current NEDC testing), it has the best range within the fuel cell and EV car segment. This is comparable to an internal combustion engine and allows drivers to travel long distances.